Chie Kobayashi is a PhD student in the department of ethics at Hokkaido University, Japan. She holds a BA from Ochanomizu University in philosophy and completed a MA in Hokkaido University. Her research concerns meta-ethics, focusing on quasi-realism and expressivism. Her interests in the field of practical ethics include the ethical issues in dual-use researches. In particular, she is interested in the debate on researchers’ responsibilities for dual-use researches.